1. Thoroughly wash a large tub or bowl, then rinse with boiling water from the kettle. Make sure that your hands, and everything else coming into contact with the cabbage, are very clean. It’s wise to use a container that will comfortably fit the softened cabbage, allowing several inches of room at the top to avoid overflow (a kilner jar is perfect).
2. Shred the cabbage thinly – a food processor makes light work of this. Layer the cabbage and the salt in the tub or bowl. Massage the salt into the cabbage for 5 mins, wait 5 mins, then repeat. You should end up with a much-reduced volume of cabbage sitting in its own brine. Mix in the caraway seeds and the peppercorns.
3. Cover the surface of the cabbage entirely with a sheet of cling film, then press out all the air bubbles from below. Weigh the cabbage down with weights that fit your jar and cover as much of the cabbage as possible. The level of the brine will rise to cover the cabbage a little. Cover the jar with its lid (or more cling film) and leave in a dark place at a cool room temperature (about 18-20C) for at least 5 days. It will be ready to eat after 5 days, but for maximum flavour leave the cabbage to ferment for anywhere between 2-6 weeks (or until the bubbling subsides).
4. Check the cabbage every day or so, releasing any gases that have built up as it ferments, and give the cabbage a stir to release the bubbles. If any scum forms, remove it, rinse the weights in boiling water and replace the cling film. You should see bubbles appearing within the cabbage, and possibly some foam on the top of the brine. It’s important to keep it at an even, cool room temperature – too cool and the ferment will take longer than you’d like, too warm and the sauerkraut may become mouldy or ferment too quickly, leading to a less than perfect result.
5. The cabbage will become increasingly sour the longer it’s fermented, so taste it now and again. When you like the flavor transfer to the fridge and keep for up to 6 months.
2kg very firm pale green or white cabbage
3 tbsp. coarse crystal sea salt
½ bay leaves
1 tsp peppercorns
Sauerkraut has been enjoyed for thousands of years. The fermentation process which happens in sauerkraut creates millions of friendly bacteria which are great at supporting digestive health. Try this nutritional therapist recommend recipe below.